figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis

The role of hermaphrodites in the experimental evolution

Why most organisms reproduce via outcrossing rather than selfing is a central question in evolutionary biology.It has long ago been suggested that outcrossing is favoured when it facilitates adaptation to novel environments.We have previously shown that the experimental evolution of increased outcrossing rates in populations of the male-hermaphrodite nematode Caenorhabditis elegansThe prevalence of Caenorhabditis elegans across 1.5 years Caenorhabditis species diversity and substrate association in Northern Germany We assessed a total of 663 independent samples for presence of Caenorhabditis nematodes (498 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#215; compost,165 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#215; rotten apple; Table 2 ; Additional file 2 Figure S2,Additional file 3 Figure S3,Additional file 4 Figure S4; Additional file 5 Table S1 and The phylogenetic relationships of Caenorhabditis and other Jul 27,2005 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Caenorhabditis belongs to a large group of primarily bacteriophagous nematodes called rhabditids ().This taxon comprises a great diversity of species,including some parasites (see A quick tour of nematode diversity and the backbone of nematode phylogeny).Resolving rhabditid phylogeny is key to uncovering how evolutionary changes occurred in this diversification.

The G-Protein-Coupled Receptor SRX-97 Is Required for

Extended Data Figure 2-1.SRX-97 is not required for aldicarb-induced paralysis in C.elegans.A,Graph of C.elegans paralyzing on aldicarb performed with WT and srx-97 mutant animals.The assay was performed over a course of 2 h,and the percentage ofThe G-Protein-Coupled Receptor SRX-97 Is Required for Extended Data Figure 2-1.SRX-97 is not required for aldicarb-induced paralysis in C.elegans.A,Graph of C.elegans paralyzing on aldicarb performed with WT and srx-97 mutant animals.The assay was performed over a course of 2 h,and the percentage ofThe Caenorhabditis globin gene family reveals extensive In silico analysis of the genome of Caenorhabditis elegans revealed an unexpectedly high number of globin genes featuring a remarkable diversity in gene structure,amino acid sequence and expression profiles.Results In the present study we have analyzed whole genomic data from C.briggsae,C.remanei,

Starvation memory resulting in reproductive plasticity is

Figure 1 Some wild C.elegans isolates exhibit reproductive plasticity as a result of early life starvation.The bar graph represents the brood sizes of postdauer and control animals for C.elegans N2 Bristol,C.briggsae AF16,C.elegans AB1,CB4856,ED3040,JU440,KR314,and TR403.* p figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditislt; 0.05; ** p figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditislt; 0.01,*** p figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditislt; 0.001,**** p figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditislt; 0.0001 (Students t-test) indicate theSpecies richness,distribution and genetic diversity of Jan 12,2013 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Species diversity in French Guiana.We assessed a total of 184 samples for nematodes of the genus Caenorhabditis from a broad spectrum of substrate types in French Guiana (Figures 1 and 2,Table 1,Additional files 1 and 2).We isolated five different Caenorhabditis species,in addition to a sixth species (C.sp.12) found in May 2008 that wasSearch Diversity Queensland Department of Local The report and snapshot brings together core demographic and diversity data from the ABS 2016 Census of Population and Housing.There are several social and cultural characteristics featured in the Diversity Figures including country of birth of overseas born people in Queensland; geographic distribution of Queenslands diverse population

Revisiting Neuronal Cell Type Classification in

Nov 21,2016 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Figure 2.Hierarchical clustering of neurons by reporter expression.Shown here is a part of the complete molecular clustering diagram shown in Figure S1.Binary gene expression data are mostly based on reporter gene analysis extracted from Wormbase.See supplemental methods for a description of the clustering analysis methodology.Regulation of Life-Span by Germ-Line Stem Cells in Jan 18,2002 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;The germ line of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans influences life-span; when the germ-line precursor cells are removed,life-span is increased dramatically.We find that neither sperm,nor oocytes,nor meiotic precursor cells are responsible for this effect.Rather life-span is influenced by the proliferating germ-line stem cells.These cells,as well as a downstreamRapid diversification associated with a macroevolutionary Feb 04,2015 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Thus,the cumulative proportion of the overall variance explained by PC1 and PC2 axes was 88% and 81% for form- and shape-space,respectively (Figure 3source data 1A,B).In form-space analyses,loadings of the log centroid size onto PC1 and PC2 axes were 0.91 and 0.41 (Figure 3source data 1A,B).

RPL-4 and RPL-9 Mediated Ribosome Purifications

RPL-4/uL4 is located on the solvent side of the 60S subunit (Figure 1A),RPL-9/uL6 is close to the A-site (Figure 1B) and RPL-22/eL22 is close to the interface with the 40S subunit (Figure 1A and B).The position of RPL10A/uL1,the homolog of RPL-1,has been previously mapped close to the exit channel of the mRNA (Anger et al.2013).Previous123456NextPostcopulatorySexualSelectionReduces GeneticGenetic Diversity in Experimental Populations of Caenorhabditis elegans these data suggest that sexual selection can (Figure 1).The experimental populations also lost com-pletely 5 loci during the course of 60 generations,retaining an

Patterns of intron loss and gain in Caenorhabditis

The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans was the first multicellular organism to have its genome completely sequenced (The C.elegans Sequencing Consortium 1998).The combination of a well annotated genome and the knowledge of the fate of every cellPatterns of Nucleotide Polymorphism Distinguish Temperate Caenorhabditis briggsae provides a natural comparison species for the model nematode C.elegans,given their similar morphology,life history,and hermaphroditic mode of reproduction.Despite C.briggsae boasting a published genome sequence and establishing Caenorhabditis as a model genus for genetics and development,little is known about geneticPatterns of Nucleotide Polymorphism Distinguish Temperate Aug 01,2006 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Caenorhabditis briggsae provides a natural comparison species for the model nematode C.elegans ,given their similar morphology,life history,and hermaphroditic mode of reproduction.Despite C.briggsae boasting a published genome sequence and establishing Caenorhabditis as a model genus for genetics and development,little is known about genetic

New Strains for Tissue-Specific RNAi Studies in

Nov 01,2020 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;The FAT-1 desaturation index fell from 6.0 to 2.6 during fat-1 RNAi feeding treatment,while the FAT-4 desaturation index fell from 2.5 to 0.8 during fat-4 RNAi treatment (Figure 2A,Table 1).We therefore could not interpret the data from the tissue-specific rescue strains,because of the remaining RNAi capacity of the rde-1( ne219) mutant strain.Neurite Sprouting and Synapse Deterioration in the Aging Jun 27,2012 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful model for analysis of the conserved mechanisms that modulate healthy aging.In the aging nematode nervous system,neuronal death and/or detectable loss of processes are not readily apparent,but because dendrite restructuring and loss of synaptic integrity are hypothesized to contribute to human brain decline andNatural variation and population genetics of established from a given sample,giving an insight of diversity within a local population.1.1.Low molecular diversity of C.elegans The level and pattern of genetic diversity depend on the rate and pattern of mutation,which can be measured after

Identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Phenazines that

Jan 03,2013 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;The data in Figure 2B showing that both 1-hydroxyphenazine and phenazine-1-carboxylic acid kill C.elegans when added to phz agar indicated that either or both of these phenazines could be responsible for PA14-mediated intoxication of C.elegans in the fast killing assay.In considering the relative contributions to nematode death of Host-Specific Functional Significance of Caenorhabditis Oct 17,2016 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Figure 2.Worm microbiota composition is affected by host genotype,but even more so by experiment-associated environmental diversity.Shown are worm microbiotas clustered using Canonical Analysis of Principle Coordinates (CAP) based on weighted UniFrac distances.Table lists percent variation explained by the experiment or genotype variables.High Local Genetic Diversity and Low Outcrossing Rate in Jul 12,2005 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;We found a low overall genetic diversity in our samples,with only 31/149 (21%) AFLP fragments being polymorphic over the whole data set and an overall Nei diversity of AFLP profiles Hj = 0.049 (i.e.,an average divergence of 4.9% of the fragments between any two genomes sampled at random in the data set; Table 2).

Hakuna Nematoda genetic and phenotypic diversity in

Dec 12,2007 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Caenorhabditis elegans and C.briggsae have many parallels in terms of morphology,life history and breeding system.Both species also share similar low levels of molecular diversity,although the Glia-Neuron Interactions in Caenorhabditis elegans Glia are abundant components of animal nervous systems.Recognized 170 years ago,concerted attempts to understand these cells began only recently.From these investigations glia,once considered passive filler material in the brain,have emerged as active players in neuron development and activity.Glia are essential for nervous system function,and their disruptionG protein-coupled receptors The choreographers of innate Jan 21,2021 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Caenorhabditis elegans is a free-living,bacterivorous nematode that frequently encounters pathogens while foraging for food in decomposing vegetation.Like other invertebrates,C.elegans entirely relies on its innate immune system to combat invading pathogens.A basal flight or fight response of animals is also observed in worms against infection.

Figures and data in Selfing is the safest sex for

Out breeding depression in Caenorhabditis tropicalis is due to common maternal-offspring incompatibilities that interact with a highly heterogeneous genetic background and may provide a short-term advantage to inbreeding.Figures and data in Diversification of the Caenorhabditis ).In response to elevated temperatures,HSF-1 binds well-conserved motifs,termed heat shock elements (HSEs),and drives the transcription of genes important for mitigating the proteotoxic effects of heatDiversity in Mating Behavior of Hermaphroditic and Male Apr 01,2007 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Caenorhabditis gonochoristic females behave differently from hermaphrodites during mating We initiated this study to understand under what conditions the neuromuscular circuit that controls C.elegans spicule insertion is designed to function.Previous studies have shown that N2 C.elegans males insert their spicules into older,rather than younger,

Diversity and specificity in the interaction between

figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Using open data on the chemical and electrical connectivity of 279 C.elegans neurons,and binary gene expression data for each neuron across 948 genes,we computed a correlated gene expression score for each pair of neurons,providing a measure of their gene expression similarity.We demonstrate that connections between hub neurons are the Dimensions of Diversity Facts Figures Diversity Best Jan 15,2019 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;A glimpse at what our Dimensions of Diversity Facts Figures Sheets look like.DBP Here you will find the most recent statistics on buying power,media and internet usage and other key facts organized by demographic group and designed in easy-to-read infographics.Deep sampling of Hawaiian Caenorhabditis elegansThe online version of this article includes the following source data and figure supplement(s) for figure 1 Source data 1.The collection categories and location data for each of the 2263 samples collected are organized here.Figure supplement 1.DIC micrographs of C.oiwi sp.n.Figure supplement 2.Features of the male tail of C.oiwi sp.n.

Cited by 91Publish Year 2008Author Hinrich Schulenburg,Claudia BoehnischThe Caenorhabditis globin gene family reveals extensive

Oct 09,2008 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Globin isoforms with variant properties and functions have been found in the pseudocoel,body wall and cuticle of various nematode species and even in the eyespots of the insect-parasite Mermis nigrescens.In fact,much higher levels of complexity exist,as shown by recent whole genome analysis studies.In silico analysis of the genome of CaenorhabditisCited by 2Publish Year 2019Author Jacob M Garrigues,Brian V Tsu,Matthew D Daugherty,Amy E PasquinelliFigures and data in Antagonistic control of Caenorhabditis Aug 17,2020 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Data were collected from four independent replicates as shown in Figure 1figure supplement 1E,F,each analyzing 1521 germlines per strain per time point (144148 germlines per strain total).( F ) Meiotic entry rate of germline progenitors in different genetic backgrounds indicated on the X-axis.Cited by 1Publish Year 2020Author Xiaobo Wang,Mary Ellenbecker,Benjamin Hickey,Nicholas J Day,Emily Osterli,Mikaya Terzo,EkateriDiversification and adaptive sequence evolution of Apr 19,2008 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Overview and general phylogenetic position of the Caenorhabditislysozymes.The lysozymes from the three Caenorhabditis species are listed in Table 1 and 2.The genomic distribution of clustered genes is illustrated in Fig.1.As a first step,we compared all complete lysozyme protein sequences from C.elegans with those from various vertebrates,

Cells Free Full-Text Systematic Identification of

For accurate gene expression quantification,normalization of gene expression data against reliable reference genes is required.It is known that the expression levels of commonly used reference genes vary considerably under different experimental conditions,and therefore,their use for data normalization is limited.In this study,an unbiased identification of referenceCeNDR,the Caenorhabditis elegans natural diversity CeNDR offers reduced redundancy of data collection (e.g.whole-genome sequencing) along with consistent data collection and organization as a centralized resource.Additionally,the unification of strain management facilitates studies of natural variation across the wide Caenorhabditis community and beyond.Because CeNDR is built as open-source Assessing the neurotoxicity of the carbamate methomyl in The neurotoxicity and developmental effects of a widely applied insecticide (methomyl) was investigated by a multi-level approach (behavior and biometry,biochemical alterations and neurodegeneration) in Caenorhabditis elegans upon a short-term exposure (1 h) and a post-exposure period (48 h).The 1-h exposure to sub-lethal concentrations of methomyl (lower

Application of Transcriptional Gene Modules to Analysis of

Oct 01,2020 figures and data in diversification of the caenorhabditis#0183;Identification of co-expressed sets of genes (gene modules) is used widely for grouping functionally related genes during transcriptomic data analysis.An organism-wide atlas of high-quality gene modules would provide a powerful tool for unbiased detection of biological signals from gene expression data.Here,using a method based on independent component12345NextThe Genome of Caenorhabditis boviseny (Figure 3) that was largely congruent with previously pub-lished phylogenies [5,8,22].We recover C.bovis as sister to Caenorhabditis plicata with maximal support (bootstrap value of 100).The clade containing C.bovis and C.plicata is early-diverging within the genus Caenorhabditis,and the branches(PDF) Diversification and adaptive sequence evolution of Diversification and adaptive sequence evolution of Caenorhabditis lysozymes (Nematoda Rhabditidae).pdf Available via license CC BY 2.0 Content may be subject to copyright.

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